What Eats Bamboo? Discovering the Natural Predators of This Versatile Plant



What eats bamboo? This is a question that many people ask, especially those who live in areas where bamboo grows abundantly. Bamboo is a versatile plant that has numerous uses such as building materials, paper pulp, and food for animals. However, it's not just the humans who are interested in this plant; there are several animals that rely on it as an important source of food.

Bamboo is known to be one of the preferred foods for giant pandas but they're not alone. Other animals like red pandas, mountain gorillas, elephants and even insects also feed on bamboo leaves or stalks. It's fascinating how these creatures have evolved over time to be able to digest such tough fibers found in bamboo.

In this article we will explore the different animals that eat bamboo and uncover some interesting facts about them. So if you're curious about what eats this incredibly resilient plant then keep reading!

What Eats Bamboo?

Bamboo is a perennial evergreen plant that belongs to the grass family. It is known for its fast growth and can grow up to 91cm (35in) in just one day! Nevertheless, even with such impressive growth rates, bamboo still falls victim to several hungry predators. In this article, we will explore what eats bamboo.

Bamboo: A Brief Overview

Before delving into what eats bamboo let us first take a look at some interesting facts about the plant itself.

  • There are over 1,400 species of bamboo worldwide.
  • Some species of bamboo can reach heights of up to 98ft (30m).
  • Most types of bamboo are edible and used as food for humans and animals alike.
  • China produces more than half the world's total supply of commercialized bamboo products.
  • Bamboo has been used since ancient times in medicine due to its healing properties.

Now that we have some background information let's get into what eats this versatile plant.

Animals That Eat Bamboo

Bamboo is an important source of nutrition for many herbivorous animals. These include:


Perhaps the most well-known animal associated with eating bamboos would be pandas! The giant panda feeds almost exclusively on different types of bamboos which constitute nearly their entire diet – an estimated 99%!

Red Panda

The red panda also feeds on various parts or species’ shoots including new leaves and fruits from bamboos found in its habitat areas like Pakistan or Nepal Himalayas.

Sika Deer

Sika deer often consume small saplings that are less than five inches tall and new leaves from established plants when other foods become scarce during winter months.

Mountain Gorillas

Mountain gorillas have been observed consuming larger quantities regarding young shoots along with soft stems involving some forms regarding mountainous regions' greenery together with mild flavor along within high fiber content.


Lemurs living in the dry deciduous forests of Madagascar have been known to feed on bamboo leaves, shoots and stems when other sources of food are scarce.


Elephants eat many different types of plants and trees including bamboos. The African forest elephant has a diet that consists primarily of woody plant species which include bamboo.

Insects That Eat Bamboo

Several insects enjoy feeding on different parts or species’s shoots, leaves or stem including:


Termites are one type of insect that feeds on the cellulose found in bamboo stalks. They bore small tunnels through their food source as they consume it.

Bamboo Worms

Bamboo worms are larvae from several moth species that feed exclusively on young shoots of specific kinds such as Bambusa Vulgaris and Dendrocalamus Giganteus among others.

Benefits Of Eating Bamboos

Bamboo is not only a nutritious source for animals but humans as well since it contains essential vitamins, minerals like potassium & magnesium along with good levels regarding dietary fibers within them promoting healthy digestion patterns plus regulating blood sugar levels while being low incaloric count helping weight loss regimes too!

Moreover, since bamboos grow so fast without requiring much water they're an eco-friendly sustainability option compared to other crops requiring heavy irrigation supporting environmental conservation measures towards combating climate change effects plus saving freshwater resources used heavily otherwise by agriculture industries globally today!


In conclusion, we've seen various animals & insects eating this versatile grass-like plant demonstrating its importance across multiple ecosystems worldwide along with its nutritional benefits for both people & wildlife alike! If you aim to cultivate your own private garden using bamboos could be an excellent choice due to their lush greenery providing shade cover while also serving larger purposes like furniture making or construction material supply chains underlining how vital this simple yet significant plant is in our daily lives!


What animals eat bamboo?

Bamboo is an important food source for several animal species. The most notable animals that feed on bamboo are pandas, which rely on the plant to meet almost all of their nutritional needs. Pandas have a digestive system that has evolved to extract nutrients from tough bamboo fibers. Other animals that eat bamboo include golden monkeys, red pandas, and mountain gorillas.

Apart from these mammals, several bird species also feed on young shoots of bamboos such as the parrotbill or finch-billed birds in Asia. Insects like mealybugs and scales use bamboos as host plants.

Bamboo also serves as a habitat for many animal species such as insects, spiders and snails living within its stems or under its leaves.

Do any fish eat bamboo?

No known fish species feeds exclusively on bamboo; however some fish may consume it occasionally along with other vegetation found in their habitat.

Can humans consume bamboo shoots?

Yes! Bamboo shoots are edible when properly cooked and prepared. Different varieties of Bamboo produce different flavours when cooked but they usually taste mild nutty-sweet with a crunchy texture similar to fresh corn.
However certain types can contain cyanogenic glycosides which can be toxic if not properly treated by boiling them before consumption.
In Asia especially China where they have been consumed over thousands of years it's common knowledge how to cook the freshly harvested shoot correctly removing this toxic factor ensuring safe consumption.

Is Bamboo considered an invasive plant?

Some varieties yes; depending upon factors such as climate conditions soil type etc., some types prove invasive while others efficiently serve ecological purposes like erosion control or soil retention without spreading rapidly beyond desired locations . One example is Bambusa Vulgaris (commonly called Golden Bamboo) which grows fast spreads rapidly needing consistent maintenance whereas Moso variety grows less aggressively without becoming disruptive making it suitable for controlled landscaping activities only

It's worth noting that in some regions bamboo is used to combat desertification and deforestation through cultivation which helps control soil erosion, improve water quality and acts as an efficient carbon sink.

Is it illegal to cut down bamboo?

It depends on the species of bamboo, local laws and regulations. Some countries have implemented strict laws protecting endangered or rare species such as those habitats for pandas; cutting them down can lead to hefty fines or imprisonment. In other instances where they are cultivated for commercial purposes with permits and licensing available there may be restrictions regarding how much harvesting can take place ensuring the conservation efforts necessary for sustainable growth of these resourceful plants.

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