Growing Bamboo in Missouri: Facts and Tips on Cultivating Bamboo Plants



Can bamboo grow in Missouri? This is a question that many plant enthusiasts and gardeners may be asking themselves. Bamboo, which is native to Asia, has been gaining popularity as an ornamental plant due to its unique appearance and versatility. It's known for being one of the fastest-growing plants on earth, with some species able to reach heights of 100 feet or more.

Missouri has a varied climate, ranging from hot summers to cold winters, making it suitable for growing different types of plants. However, when it comes to bamboo cultivation in Missouri, there are several factors that need consideration such as the soil type and moisture content. In this article we'll be exploring whether or not bamboo can grow in Missouri and what conditions are necessary for successful growth.

If you're curious about growing bamboo in your backyard or on your property but don't know where to start – keep reading! We'll provide all the information you need so that you can make an informed decision about whether or not growing bamboo is right for you.

Can Bamboo Grow in Missouri?

If you're planning on growing bamboo in your garden, you might be wondering if the plant can grow in Missouri. While bamboo is typically grown in tropical climates, it's possible to grow some varieties of bamboo successfully even in colder regions like Missouri. In this article, we'll take a closer look at whether or not you can grow bamboo in Missouri and what types of bamboo are best suited for this region.

Why Choose Bamboo?

Bamboo is an incredibly versatile plant that has been used for thousands of years for everything from building materials to food. It's also a great choice for gardeners looking to add some unique texture and interest to their landscapes. In addition, many varieties of bamboo are fast-growing and low-maintenance, making them an ideal choice for busy homeowners.

Types of Bamboo That Can Grow In Missouri

While most species of bamboos prefer warm tropical weather conditions with high humidity levels, there are several cold-hardy types that have been known to thrive even when planted outside their natural habitat zones such as Phyllostachys aurea (golden-bamboo) which grows well during mild winters.

Phyllostachys Nigra or Black Bamboo: This variety has striking black culms that contrast beautifully with its lush green foliage. Black bamboos thrive well here due to the climate similarities between Tennessee Kentucky where they’re naturally found

Fargesia Robusta: This beautiful clumping variety features delicate leaves on thin stems and doesn't require much water once established. Fargesia robusta grows up-to 12 ft tall but should be sheltered from winter winds as it does not tolerate strong winds very well

Other species include Phyllostachys Edulis Moso (moso-bamboo), Bambusa Oldhamii (oldhams-bamboo), Pseudosasa japonica (arrowstem-fernleaf-bamboo), and Sasa veitchii (kuma-bamboo).

Tips for Growing Bamboo in Missouri

If you're thinking about growing bamboo in Missouri, there are a few things to keep in mind. First, it's essential that you choose a cold-hardy variety of bamboo that can tolerate the region's harsh winter temperatures. Second, make sure to plant your bamboo in well-draining soil with plenty of organic matter.

Next important thing is watering; too little water and your plants may die from dehydration while overwatering it will lead to root rot which kills the plant quicker than anything else.

Also while planting bamboos outside their natural habitat zones like here in Missouri means they might not get as much sun as they would typically require hence they need seven hours of sunlight per day – so try planting them somewhere with good exposure.

Finally, consider using mulch around the base of your plants to help retain moisture and regulate temperature fluctuations during extreme weather conditions.


While growing bamboo successfully requires some planning and effort upfront if you select the right species suited for this region such as Fargesia robusta or Phyllostachys aurea then it's possible for these beautiful plants thrive here just fine! With proper care such as correct watering techniques or fertilization schedules along with choosing suitable cold hardy varieties like black-bamboo (Phyllostachys Nigra) or Moso-Bamboo(Phyllostachys Edulis Moso) anyone can have success when gardening with these versatile beauties!

So if you've been wondering whether or not it's possible to grow bamboo in Missouri – rest assured that yes indeed certain types do especially well despite our colder climate making them an excellent choice for anyone looking add unique texture interest into their landscape design project!


Can bamboo grow in Missouri?

Yes, bamboo can grow in Missouri. However, not all types of bamboo are suitable for the climate and soil conditions in this area. It is important to choose a species that is cold-hardy and can withstand the harsh winters of Missouri.

What type of bamboo can grow in Missouri?

The most common types of bamboo that can thrive in Missouri are running bamboos such as Phyllostachys aurea (Golden Bamboo) or Phyllostachys nigra (Black Bamboo). These bamboos have been known to survive temperatures as low as -20°F/-29°C.

It is also important to note that planting clumping varieties like Fargesia rufa or Bambusa eutuldoides may be a better choice than running varieties since they do not spread aggressively.

Is it legal to plant bamboo in my yard?

Bamboo has been known to spread quickly and become invasive if not properly contained, which has led some cities and states across the US including some locations within Missouri counties –-to put restrictions on planting certain types without property owner approval. Check with your local government before planting any new flora –– especially ones with characteristics like spreading roots!

If you live near natural areas or water bodies regulated by federal agencies like Fish & Wildlife Service or U.S Army Corps of Engineers they may prohibit many kinds due their ability outcompete other plants native flora

Planting clumping varities instead reduces these risks considerably

Remember mindful cultivation practices will keep everyone happy!

How fast does Bamboo Grow?

Bamboo growth rates vary depending on species type but generally ranges from 3 inches per day during peak growing season up until maturity when an annual average height increase might range from 1-2 feet per year.
Another factor affecting growth rate would include location; temperature, sunlight exposure, moisture content amongst others.

To ensure optimal growth and prevent spreading, it is important to provide adequate spacing between each bamboo plant. For running bamboos this would mean 10-20 feet apart, while for clumping varieties they can be spaced as close as 3-5 feet apart.

How do I take care of my bamboo plants?

Bamboo requires minimum maintenance if planted in the right conditions. To keep your plants healthy you will need to water them regularly during the dry months and ensure that they have access to full or partial sun exposure depending on species type.

Fertilizing should be done twice a year, in late spring and early fall with composted manure or other organic fertilizers. Regular weeding may also help keep your garden looking clean –– especially when younger shoots are still developing their root systems so take particular care around seedlings!

Lastly pruning every few years or so helps control height if desired but remember: once achieved maturity you won't have much success limiting size!

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